Heraldry of the Bedford Chapel, Chenies Buckinghamshire


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Picture

P1 Tablet explaining monuments 2 & 32
P2 St. Peter
P3 John, 1st Earl of Bedford
P4 Mary, 11th Duchess of Bedford
P5 George, 10th Duke of Bedford
P6 Adeline Marie, Duchess of Bedford
P7 Sir Thomas Wentworth Russell
P8 Captain George Russell, R.N.
P9 Francis, 9th Duke of Bedford
P10 John, 1st Earl of Bedford (assumed)
P11 Odo Villiers Russell and his wife Louise Ernestine
P12 Lord George William Russell
P13 Odo William Russell, Lord Ampthill
P14 Elizabeth Anne Rawdon, Lady William Russell
P15 Arthur Oliver Villiers Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill
P16 Odo William Russell, Lord Ampthill
P17 Margaret, Baroness Ampthill
P18 Emily Theresa Villiers, Lady Ampthill
P19 Faith Sibele Lumley, Lady Ampthill
P20 Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers Russell
P21 Alex. Victor Frederick Villiers Russell
P22 Adelaide Lister, Lady John Russell
P23 Georgina Elizabeth Byng, Lady John Russell
P24 Admiral Sir Guy Herbrand Edward Russell R.N.
P25 Sir Edwin Baldwin Malet, 4th Baronet of Wilbury
P26 Lady Ermyntrude Russell
P27 Frances Anna Maria Russell
P28 Conrad George Edward Russell
P29 Lord Alexander George Russell
P30 Georgina Gordon, Duchess of Bedford
P31 Harold John Hastings Russell
P32 St. Andrew
P33 Hastings, 12th Duke of Bedford
EXTERNAL
P34 Dedication to John, 1st Earl of Bedford.
P35 Francis, 9th Duke of Bedford and Lady Elizabeth Sackville West

Picture

             

Picture

             
  South wall commencing from East end.  
             
  P1 TABLET EXPLAINING MONUMENTS P2 & 32  
             
  A small stone tablet by Elmes & Son of Chelsea with a Latin inscription, translated as follows:  
             
  "For many centuries in the village church of Le Rozel from where, so it is said, the forebears of the Russell family set forth for England with William, Duke of Normandy, these images (sacred things) stood. Lest they should perish, when that church became roofless, Herbrand, 11th Duke of Bedford, afforded them a refuge in this sanctuary in the eight hundred and thirtieth year after the Conquest of England".  
             
  This tablet refers to the images of St. Peter and St. Andrew (see P2)  
             
  P2 & P32 ST. PETER   &   ST. ANDREW  
             
  At the East end on either side of the chancel arch on modern stone brackets, are two carved, painted wooden images of St. Peter and St. Andrew. They are French and are from the Church of Le Royal (? La Reole). The R.C.H.M. says they are early 16th century but Pevsner states the extremely good St. Andrew must be considerably earlier, late 14th century probably.  
             
  They were presumably erected in the Bedford Chapel c 1896.  
             
  P3 JOHN, 1st. EARL OF BEDFORD KG.  
             
  Over the arch in the South wall of the Chapel next the East end is a sunken square panel containing the achievement of John, 1st Earl of Bedford K.G. born 1485, died 14th March, 1554/55; the stone carving is well executed and painted, probably 17th century. This heraldic panel and sculpture is repeated on the other side of the arch on the North wall of the church.  
             
 

A

On a shield Russell quarterly  
   

1

Russell quarterly  
     

1 & 4

Russell Argent, a lion rampant Gules, on a chief Sable, three escallops Argent.  
     

2 & 3

De la Tour Azure, a tower Argent  
   

2

Herringham Gules, three herrings hauriant Argent  
   

3

Froxmere Sable, a griffin segreant between three cross crosslets fitchy Argent  
   

4

Wyse Sable, three chevronels Ermine, with a crescent for difference.  
       
    Encircled by the Garter, surmounted by an Earl's coronet, ensigned by a helm, wreath Argent and Sable, and goat crest, charged with a crescent Gules.  
       
    Supporters, dexter a lion and sinister an antelope, both Gules and both uncollared with a crescent Or. (very indistinct).  
       
    Mantling, Argent and Gules.  
             
  P4 MARY, 11th DUCHESS OF BEDFORD  
             
  Mary du Caurroy, Duchess of Bedford, D.B.E. born 26th September 1865 died 22nd March 1937 in an aeroplane accident. She was the daughter of Walter Tribe, Archdeacon of Lahore and wife of Herbrand, 11th Duke of Bedford, son of Hastings, 9th Duke of Bedford.  
             
  At apex of the monument, in broken pediment are two shields accolee.  
             
 

A

Russell encircled by the Garter  
      Argent, a lion rampant Gules, on a chief Sable, three escallops Argent.  
             
 

B

Russell impaling Tribe (Du Caurroy) encircled by the circlet of the Order of the British Empire.  
      Russell Argent, a lion rampant Gules, on a chief Sable three escallops Argent (2 and 1)  
      Tribe
(
Du Caurroy)
Quarterly per fess indented Azure and Argent  
     

1

Representation of the aeroplane "The Spider" flying downwards from the clouds
      2 Upon sand a Common Tern arising  
      3 Issuant from sand a Banyan Tree and in base water  
      4 In front of a representation of the Wille Glacier "Jan Meyen" rising from the sea, the steam yacht "Sapphire" at anchor.  
        All proper.  
      Note The above arms of Tribe (Du Caurroy) were never granted, the College of Arms not approving of the design submitted. The Duke refused to have them changed and said that as earlier Russells had sometimes used arms which were not granted, the Duchess also would continue to use the above arms without Garter King of Arms and the Earl Marshall's authority.  
       
    Above the shields, arising out of a ducal coronet, a peer's helm, on a wreath Argent and Gules, the Russell crest. Mantling, Argent and Gules.  
       
    Supporters, dexter, a lion Gules and sinister, an antelope or goat Argent, armed and unguled Or  
       
    Motto   Che Sara Sara  
             

Picture

             
  P5 GEORGE, 10th. DUKE OF BEDFORD  
             
  George William Francis Sackville Russell, 10th Duke of Bedford, born 16th April, 1852, died 23rd March, 1893, married 24th October, 1876, Adeline Marie, younger daughter of Charles, 3rd Earl Somers.  
             
  Large panel of Jacobean character; alabaster inlaid with various marbles. At apex of monument is a shield (B) with the arms of Russell enclosed in scrollwork resting on a frieze of Dove marble on which is inscribed in gilt letters "Lord thou hast been our refuge from one generation to another".  
             
  Beneath the frieze set in a square frame of inlaid strapwork in which are introduced the letters A and F (initials of the Duke and Duchess) is a circular heraldic composition carved in white marble (A) Monument was erected by Adeline Marie, Duchess of Bedford in 1894 and was designed by G.E.Fox, F.S.A.  
             
 

A

On a shield uncoloured, Russell quarterly with an escutcheon of pretence Somers/Cocks (tinctures in brackets)  
    1 Russell As before  
    2 Sapcote (Sable) three dovecotes (Argent)  
    3 Seamark (Argent) on a cross (Gules) five mullets (Or)  
    4 Howland (Argent) two bars and in chief three lions rampant (Sable)  
   
on an escutcheon of pretence Somers/Cocks quarterly
 
   

1 & 4

Somers (Vert) a fess dancetty (Ermine)  
   

2 & 3

Cocks (Sable) a chevron between three stags attires fixed to the scalp (Argent)  
             
    Out of a ducal coronet a peer's helm; on a wreath Argent and Gules, the Russell goat crest. Mantling, Argent and Gules.  
             
    Supporters, dexter, a lion Gules and sinister, an antelope Gules, ducally gorged, chained, armed, langued and unguled Or.  
             
 

B

On a shield at apex of the monument  
      Russell As before  
             
  P6 ADELINE MARIE, DUCHESS OF BEDFORD  
             
  Adeline Marie, Duchess of Bedford, G.B.E.-born 24th September, 1852, died 12th April, 1920, daughter of 3rd Earl Somers, wife of George, 10th Duke of Bedford. She married 24th October, 1876.  
             
  The description of the monument is the same as P5.  
       
 

A

On a lozenge Russell with, in pretence, Cocks encircled by the circlet of the Order of the British Empire with badge pendant therefrom, ensigned by a coronet.  
    Cocks (Sable) a chevron between three stags attires fixed to the scalp (Argent)  
             
 

B

On a shield at the apex of the monument  
    Cocks As before  
             

Picture

             
  P7 SIR THOMAS WENTWORTH RUSSELL  
             
  Sir Thomas Wentworth Russell, Pasha, born 22nd November, 1879, died 10th April, 1954, son of the Reverend Henry Charles Russell and the Honourable Leila Louisa Millicent Willoughby; grandson of Lord Charles James Fox Russell; married lst June 1911, Evelyn Dorothea Temple, daughter of Francis Moore. She died 25th April, 1968.  
             
 

A

On a shield Russell impaling Moore  
    Russell As before  
    Moore Ermine, three greyhounds courant in pale Sable, collared Gules, on a canton of the last, a lion passant Or.  
         
    Surmounted by a Knight's helm affronte; on a wreath Argent and Gules the Russell goat crest. Mantling, Argent and Gules.  
         
    Motto   Che Sara Sara.  
         

Picture

             
  P8 CAPTAIN GEORGE RUSSELL, R.N.  
             
  Captain George Russell, R.N. born 7th April, 1795, died 15th September 1825, aged 30 years, while on board HMS Scylla in the West Indies. Buried at Carthenga. He was the second son of Lord William Russell and Charlotte Anne, daughter of the 4th Earl of Jersey. A plain mural inscribed tablet of white marble with a sculptured anchor within a circle framed in a wreath.  
             
  Note The position described in "Chenies Church and Monuments" is on the wall over the monument to Lady Chandos. It must have been moved since then to its present position over the arch containing the door from the church.  
             
  No heraldry.  
             
  North wall commencing from West end.  
             
  P9 FRANCIS, 9th. DUKE OF BEDFORD  
             
  Francis Charles Hastings Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford, K.G. born 16th October, 1819, died 14th January, 1891.  
             
  Brass engraved enamelled plate from the Duke's stall in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, inscribed with the date of his installation as Knight of the Garter on 1st December, 1880.  
             
 

A

On a shield Russell quarterly of twelve encircled by the Garter.  
   

1

Russell Argent, a lion rampant Gules, on a chief Sable, three escallops Argent.  
    2 De la Tour Azure, a tower Argent.  
    3 Muschamp Or, three bars Gules  
    4 Herringham Gules, three herrings hauriant Argent  
    5 Wyse Sable, three chevronels Ermine, in dexter chief a crescent for difference  
    6 Sapcote Sable, three dovecotes Argent  
    7 Long Sable, semy of cross crosslets, a lion rampant Argent  
    8 Brydges Argent, on a cross Sable, a leopard's face Or.  
    9 Carr Gules, on a chevron Argent, three mullets of the first, in dexter chief a lion passant Or.  
    10 Wriothesley Azure, a cross Or between four falcons close Argent  
    11 Howland Argent, two bars and in chief three lions rampant Sable  
    12 Russell As No. 1.  
             
    Helm and coronet of a Duke. On a wreath Argent and Gules, a goat statant Argent, armed Or.  
             
    Supporters, dexter, a lion Gules; sinister, an antelope Gules, ducally gorged, chain reflexed over back, armed and unguled Or.  
             
    Mantling   Argent and Gules.  
             
    Motto   Che Sara Sara.  
             
  P10 RUSSELL (Presumably John, 1st. Earl of Bedford)  
             
 

A

On a shield Russell impaling Sapcote  
    Russell As before      
    Sapcote As before      
             

Picture

             
  West wall of North-Aisle  
             
  P11 ODO VILLIERS RUSSELL & LOUISE ERNESTINE HIS WIFE  
             
  Odo William Theophilus Villiers Russell, born 1870, died 1951/2, second son of 1st Baron Ampthill, married in 1910 Countess Marie Louise Ernestine Rex, born 1890, died 1966.  
             
  P12 LORD GEORGE WILLIAM RUSSELL  
             
  Lord George William Russell, G.C.B. second son of John, 6th Duke of Bedford and father of Hastings, 9th Duke, born 8th May, 1790, died at Genoa 16th July, 1846. He is buried at Chenies. He married Elizabeth Anne Rawdon, daughter of John Rawdon on 31st June, 1817. She died 10th August, 1874.  
             
  Plain upright rectangular slab of grey granite inscribed in incised capitals. No heraldry. Its previous position as described in 'Chenies Church and Monuments' was on the South wall between monuments to the 4th Earl and 2nd Duke.  
             
  P13 ODO WILLIAM RUSSELL, LORD AMPTHILL  
             
  Odo William Leopold Russell., Lord Ampthill, G.C.D., G.C.M.G. born 20th February, 1829, died 25th August, 1884. Created 1st Baron Ampthill, 11th March, 1881, third son of Lord George William Russell and Elizabeth Anne Rawdon. He married Lady Emily Villiers, daughter of 4th Earl of Clarendon.  
             
  In 1814 he declined the offer of a peerage by Lord Beaconsfield, but accepted one from the Liberal Party in 1881 and took the title Baron Ampthill, thus introducing this title to the Russell family.  
             
  White marble tablet enclosed in a rectangular and embattled frame having in the centre, a medallion profile portrait of Lord Ampthill, sculptured in relief by Sir Edgar Boehm R.A. (See also P16).  
             
  On two cartouches uncoloured  
             
 

A

Russell (Argent) a lion rampant (Gules) on a chief (Sable) three escallops (Argent) encircled by the collar of the Order of the Bath.  
             
 

B

Villiers (Clarendon)  
      (Argent) on a cross (Gules) five escallops (Or)    displayed on an eagle imperially crowned, in dexter claw a sceptre, in sinister claw an orb surmounted by a cross (Villiers - Clarendon and Jersey).  
             
Picture
             
  P14 ELIZABETH ANNE RAWDON, LADY WILLIAM RUSSELL  
             
  Elizabeth Anne Rawdon, born 2nd October, 1793, died 10th August, 1874, buried at Chenies, only child of John Theophilus Rawdon, son of 1st Earl of Moira and niece of Francis, 1st Marquess of Hastings, She married on 31st June, 1817, Lord George William Russell, second son of John, 6th Duke of Bedford; she was the mother of Hastings, 9th Duke of Bedford and of Arthur and Odo Russell.  
             
  Tablet of red granite corresponding in size with P 12. Inscribed in incised Capitals.  
             
  This was previously situated between monument to 2nd Duke and the door.  
             
  P15 ARTHUR OLIVER VILLIERS RUSSELL, 2nd. BARON AMPTHILL  
             
  rthur Oliver Villiers Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill, born 19th February 1869, died 7th July, 1935, son of Odo William Leopold Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill and Lady Emily Villiers. He married Lady Margaret Lygon in 1894.  
             
  No heraldry.  
             
  P16 LORD AMPTHILL  
             
  This tablet lists all Odo William Russell, Lord Ampthill's diplomatic posts. (See also P 13).  
             
  P17 MARGARET, BARONESS AMPTHILL  
             
  Margaret Lygon, Baroness Ampthill, born 8th October, 1874, died 12th December, 1957, wife of Arthur Oliver Villiers, 2nd Baron Ampthill. Lady of the Bedchamber to Her Majesty Queen Mary, 1911-1953.  
             
  P18 EMILY THERESA VILLIERS, LADY AMPTHILL  
             
  Emily Theresa Villiers, Lady Ampthill, born 9th September, 1843, died 22nd February, 1927; third daughter of 4th Earl of Clarendon, married 5th May, 1868, Odo William Leopold Russell, 1st Lord Ampthill.  
             
  P19 FAITH SIBELE LUMLEY, LADY AMPTHILL  
             
  Faith Sibele, Lady Ampthill, born 20th May, 1899, died 13th September 1947, younger daughter of Thomas Wilkinson Lumley and Cassandra Lumley. Wife of John Hugo Russell, 3rd Baron Ampthill.  
             
  North wall of North Aisle.  
             
  P20 VICTOR ALEXANDER FREDERICK VILLIERS RUSSELL  
             
  Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers Russell, born 1874, died 1965 twin son of 1st Baron Ampthill his wife Annora Margaret, born 1871, died 1949; and his daughter Averil, born 1906, died 1963  
             
  Gold cross at top of monument.  
             
  P21 ALEX VICTOR FREDERICK VILLIERS RUSSELL  
             
  Alexander Victor Frederick Villiers Russell, born 1874, died 1965, twin son of 1st Baron Ampthill and his wife Annora Margaret. He married in 1909, Marjorie Gladys Guiness, born 1888, died 1949.  
             
  A grenade, enflamed, gold, at top of monument.  
             
  P22 ADELAIDE LISTER, LADY JOHN RUSSELL  
             
  Adelaide Russell, born 14th September, 1806, died 1st November, 1838, daughter of Thomas Lister of Armitage Park; widow of Thomas, 2nd Lord Ribblesdale, married secondly on 11th April, 1835, Lord John Russell, Viscount Amberley and Earl Russell, K.G.  
             
  An inscribed mural tablet under a small stone canopy headed by a broken lily. This was previously on the North wall between the fourth and fifth windows from the East end.  
             
  P23 GEORGINA ELIZABETH BYNG, LADY JOHN RUSSELL  
             
  Georgina Elizabeth Byng, died 10th October, 1801 aged 33 years and was buried at Chenies. She was the second daughter of George, 4th Viscount Torrington and married, on 21st March, 1786, as his first wife, Lord John Russell. She died five months before he succeeded as 6th Duke of Bedford.  
             
  A round inscribed tablet of white marble encircled by a serpent (the emblem of eternity) all on a rectangular tablet of black marble.  
             
  P24 ADMIRAL SIR GUY HERBRAND EDWARD RUSSELL R.N.  
             
  Admiral, the Honourable Sir Guy Herbrand Edward Russell, born 1898, died 1977, second son of Arthur, 2nd Baron Ampthill by Lady Margaret Lygon.  
             
  At apex of monument within a roundel, a gold anchor and chain.  
             
  P25 SIR EDWIN BALDWIN MALET, 4th BARONET OF WILBURY  
             
  Sir Edwin Baldwin Malet, 4th Baronet of Wilbury, Wilts. PC, GCB, GCMG, born 10th October 1837, dsp 29th June, 1908, married 19th March 1885, Ermyntrude Sackville, younger daughter of Francis Charles Hastings, 9th Duke of Bedford by Lady Elizabeth Sackville West.  
             
  Two shields accolee  
       
 

A

Malet quarterly encircled by the collar of the Order of St. Michael and St. George and the star of a Knight Grand Cross dependent therefrom, also a badge of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.  
   

1 & 4

Malet Azure, three escallops Or  
   

2 & 3

Mallet Paly of six Ermine and Gules, overall a lion passant gardant Argent.  
       
 

B

Malet quarterly impaling Russell encircled by laurel wreath  
      Malet 1 & 4 Malet  As above  
        2 & 3 Mallet As above    
      Russell Argent, a lion rampant Gules, on a chief Sable, three escallops Argent  
         
    Surmounted by a Knight's helm affront√ɬ©, open visor  
    Crest Out of a ducal coronet Or an heraldic tyger's head Ermine, tongued Gules  
    Mantling Or and Azure  
    Supporters Two Sphinxes Ermine wearing Egyptian Nemset headdresses Or each charged on the shoulder with an escallop Or  
    Motto Ma Force D'en Hault  
Picture
             
  P26 LADY ERMYNTRUDE RUSSELL  
             
  Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, born 9th May, 1856, died 22nd March 1927, younger daughter of Francis, 9th Duke of Bedford by Lady Elizabeth Sackville West, Duchess of Bedford, who was the eldest daughter of Earl de la Warr. Lady Ermyntrude married on 19th March, 1885, Sir Edwin Baldwin Malet, 4th Baronet of Wilbury.  
             
  P27 FRANCES ANNA MARIA RUSSELL  
             
  Frances Anna Maria Elliot, born 15th November, 1815, died 17th January 1898, daughter of 2nd Earl of Minto, married 20th July, 1841, as his second wife, Lord John Russell, 1st Earl Russell.  
             
  P28 CONRAD GEORGE EDWARD RUSSELL  
             
  Conrad George Edward Russell, born 3rd April, 1878, died unmarried, 27th April, 1947, youngest son of Lord Arthur John Edward Russell and Laura, daughter of Viscount de Peyronnet.  
             
  P29 LORD ALEXANDER GEORGE RUSSELL  
             
  Lord Alexander George Russell, CB, KCB, GCB, born 16th December, 1821, died 10th January, 1907, tenth son of John, 6th Duke of Bedford, married 3rd July, 1844, Emily Worsley-Holmes.  
             
  On a shield, uncoloured  
             
 

A

Russell (Argent) a lion rampant (Gules) on a chief (Sable) three escallops (Argent)  
    with an inescutcheon of Worsley-Holmes  
      (Argent) a chevron between three falcons (Sable)  
    ensigned by an Esquire's helm and the Russell goat crest.  
    Carved regimental badge of the Rifle Brigade, Prince Consort's Own.  
             
  P30 GEORGINA GORDON, DUCHESS OF BEDFORD  
             
  Georgiana Gordon, born 18th July, 1781, died at Nice and interred there, on 23rd February, 1853, youngest daughter of Alexander, 4th Duke of Gordon, married 23rd June 1803, as his second wife, John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.  
             
  Late 19th century mural monument sculptured in bas relief in white marble. Within a gothic arch a half length figure of the Duchess in profile in an attitude of prayer. She wears a ducal coronet from which a veil falls. On the arch appear in incised gilt letters, the initial of the first christian name of her ten children - Wriothesley, Edward, Charles, Francis, Georgina, Louisa, Henry, Cosmo, Alexander and Rachel with the sacred monogram at the top of the arch.  
             
  The tablet was erected by her nine surviving children and was executed by the younger R. Westmacott, R.A.  
             
  P31 HAROLD JOHN HASTINGS RUSSELL  
             
  Harold John Hastings Russell, born 23rd January, 1869, died 22nd August 1926, eldest son of Lord Arthur John Edward Russell and Laura, daughter of Viscount de Peyronnet, married 8th September, 1896, Lady Victoria Alberta Leveson-Gower.  
             
  P32 See P2        
             
  East wall of Chancel  
             
  P33 HASTINGS, 12th. DUKE OF BEDFORD  
     
  Hastings William Sackville Russell, 12th Duke of Bedford, born 21st December, 1888, died 8th October, 1953. Son of Herbrand, 11th Duke of Bedford and Mary Tribe. He married 21st November, 1914, Louisa, daughter of R.J.Whitwell  
             
  Plain, uncoloured stone tablet inscribed and carved with animals, birds, insects, a cross and a goat or antelope.  
             
  Monument by Clare Sheridan, 1956.  
             
  EXTERNAL  
             
  P34 DEDICATION  
             
  Built in the outer face of the East wall, below window 8 is an inscribed stone tablet, presumably original, but inserted in the rebuilt chapel.  
     
 

Anno Dni 1556

 
 

Thys Chappel ys buylt by Anne
Countysse of Bedforde wyfe to
John Erle of Bedford accordyg to
ye last wyll of the sayd erle

 
     
  P35 Francis, 9th Duke of Bedford and Lady Elizabeth Sackville West  
     
  On the West gable wall there is a recessed carved stone achievement, uncoloured, for Francis Charles Hastings Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford and his wife Lady Elizabeth Sackville West:  
             
    Two shields accolee,  
             
    Dexter Russell a lion rampant, on a chief three escallops, surrounded by the Garter.  
    Sinister Russell as before, impaling Sackville West, quarterly  
     

1 & 4

West a fess dancetty  
     

2 & 3

Sackville quarterly, overall a bend Vair  
             
    The shields are surmounted by a peer's helm arising out of a ducal coronet.  
             
    On a wreath, the Russell crest, a goat statant.  
             
    The achievement is supported on the dexter by a lion gorged with a ducal crown and on the sinister by an heraldic antelope, ducally gorged and with a chain reflexed over the back.  
             

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